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What is the Plantar Fasciitis, why does it happen?
Plantar Fasciitis is one of the most common causes of heel pain. According to recent studies, nearly two million patients are treated for this condition every year around the world.
This condition occurs when the strong band of tissue that supports the arch of the foot becomes irritated or inflamed.
What are the common symptoms?
These symptoms include:
Pain in the base of the foot near the heel If you feel pain in the heel when taking the first steps in the morning or after an extended period of rest as well as after a long trip by car. it is necessary to emphasize that after a walk the pain can disappear.
Major pain after doing an exercise or activity, however this does not happen during the same.
The Risk factors.
In most cases the planar fascia appears for no apparent reason,In many cases it is emphasized that the fascitis planar develop without a specific reason or reason or can be identified, however, there are factors that can cause the person to be prone to this condition, below we indicate the most frequent:
- When the muscles of the calf are tensed and make it difficult to felxion the foot by pulling your fingers and bringing them closer to the tibia.
- The obesity
- Have a very pronounced Arch Repetitive impact activity (running / sports).
- A new or augmented Activity Heel spurs
Although many people with planar fasciitis also suffer from heel spurs, these are not the cause of the pain that is experienced. A noteworthy fact is that one in 10 people have heel spurs, but only one in 20 people with spurs has pain in the affected foot. Since the spur is not what causes planar fasciitis, pain can be treated without the need for the spur to be removed.
What is the difference between fasciitis and the calcaneal spur?
When in the radiological tests we observed a calcification of the posterointernal tubercle of the calcaneus, we speak of a calcaneal spur. If the calcification does not appear in the tests, we are talking about fasciitis.
Actually the symptoms and the treatment are going to be very similar. The spur has appeared due to a continued traction of the fascia against the calcaneus.
This tension causes plantar fasciitis in the initial phase and, if it is maintained over time, it will possibly generate the calcaneal spur. In both cases, the aim of the treatment must be to “relax” the fascia so that the inflammation decreases and therefore the pain decreases.
We could say, although with some nuances, that the spur is the natural continuation of a fascitis maintained over time.
It is very important to make the diagnosis as soon as possible and thus be able to start doing all the actions aimed at “relieving the fascia” as soon as possible.
The sooner we start the treatment, the better results we will get in the short and medium term.
Does the type of steps influence when it comes to being more prone to plantar fasciitis?
The form of steps It is without a doubt one of the main causes to suffer a plantar fasciitis.
The types of feet in which we usually find fasciitis are in the feet digs (bridge higher than normal) and feet valgus (feet tend to collapse inwards).
Although they appear completely different feet, in both feet there is a decrease in the support of the external lateral zone, leaving the fascia in a situation of greater tension.
With regard to the way of stepping, it is in those patients who have a greater tendency to pronation (that the load of the foot tends to move towards the internal side) in those with more possibilities we will find plantar fasciitis.
How to fix plantar fasciitis?
The biggest difficulty in resolving it definitively is that on many occasions we focus more on the symptoms than on the cause of the problem.
The inflammation that is the cause of the pain is possible to treat it in many ways, but the important thing is that we understand that the objective is that the tension generated in the plantar fascia decreases.
In many cases (most) the increase in tension generated in the plantar fascia is due either to the shape of the foot or to the way of stepping (or to the two things together).
If we only treat the acute phase of fasciitis, decreasing the inflammation of the insertion of the fascia, the patient will improve but possibly worsen again when it takes a while with their usual physical activity.
Treatment For Plantar Fasciitis what you need to know:
It is important to say that all treatment for plantar fasciitis is individual, not always functional, the same treatment for everyone, but there are actions that can be taken as those related to relieving pain as well as helping improve your foot, among the Things you can do, let’s look at the following:
- Rest your feet. It is good to leave the activities that make your feet hurt, for example stop walking and running on hard surfaces.
- To reduce inflammation and pain you can apply cold compresses on the sole of the foot in two or three sessions of around 15 to 20 minutes each. You can also prepare bathrooms with epsom salts. Learn how to use epsom salts to relieve the pain of plantar fasciitis.
- On another side and under medical prescription takes analgesics such as naproxen and ibuprofen.
- Stretching exercises are good for improving plantar fasciitis, do them several times a day especially when you go to get up in the morning.
- Change the shoes. Choose a good pair of shoes with arch support and insole, you can also use orthotic plantar, recommended on both feet even if you only have pain in one of them.
If these treatments do not alleviate or help your doctor could recommend plantar fasciitis splints, other medications or surgery if you have been with pain for more than 6 months and previous therapies have not worked well.
If these treatments do not help you, your doctor may recommend plantar fasciitis night splints, other medications such as steroids or surgery if you have been in pain for 6 to 12 months and none of the previous therapies have worked.
Why are shoes so important to help treatment of Plantar Fasciitis?
There are several reasons, the most common is because of fashion because in the case of women is very common the use of abuse in the use of shoes with heels and by men for the use of very flat shoes, Both cases are detrimental to the health of the feet.
Shoes that are too flat produce a false sense of rest; this comfort only damages the heel while resting on the floor, and besides producing pain it also does not help to heal Plantar Fasciitis.
Another important factor that affects the appearance of plantar fasciitis is the economic level of the person since, because of savings, they can make the mistake of buying the cheapest shoes on the market, and in many cases that shoe is not the ideal for the situation in view of which it produces injuries and contributes to the increase of pain in the sole of the foot.
The choice of our footwear is important, not only to cure plantar fasciitis but also to help prevent other types of injuries such as those found in the lower back, including shoulder injuries.
You must read:
What Kind of shoes can help me to cure Plantar Fasciitis?
If you suffer from the condition of Plantar Fasciitis, the most recommendable thing is that you are recommended to take anti-inflammatory in a combination of a professional physiotherapy therapy.
All this recommended by a specialist doctor of your choice, in the same way, the footwear will reduce the pain in the foot produced thanks to Plantar Fasciitis.
For the selection of footwear, it is important that you take into account that this is the most appropriate to your foot, that you feel comfortable and that you enter perfectly.
For sure you may be interested in our article about the best shoes to plant fasciitis.
Pay attention if the footwear you are choosing gives you good support with respect to the support you need both the foot and ankle, then this footwear should have something that can support the ankle in addition to a good template to reduce pain on the sole of the foot.
If you already have the condition of Plantar Fasciitis, you need to pay attention to the heel you should use, because those that are very high only serve to increase the tension of Plantar Fasciitis, so it is best to choose a shoe that helps Maintain the natural position in which the foot is located and that the plant is at the same time comfortable for each condition.
To choose your shoes we recommend that you read our articles and products reviews regarding the best shoes for Fasciitis Plantar here on our site.
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